The Hearthstone has a cooldown of 30 minutes, but there’s a guild perk called Hasty Hearth that shaves the time by half, giving you a strong incentive to join a guild. Yes, even if it’s some random guild that invites you without warning. It may feel odd to join people you don’t know, but if they have Hasty Hearth (and most guilds do), joining can save you a lot of legwork.
The recruit also grants the recruiter levels, with the latter gaining one level for every two levels the recruit gains. There are a lot of rules and restrictions to that, however. It all basically boils down to leveling alternate characters together. The recruiter can even earn epic mounts and battle pets if you stick with the game for a couple months.
For the 2nd week of BFA, M+, Raids, and Rated PvP are still not open so there isn’t that much that you have to do. Do your Island Expos to level up your Heart of Azeroth, do WQs for rewards, do Warfronts and the 11 weekly quest turn ins, and run your Mythic Dungeons again to try to get the most gear before reset. I personally will be spending a lot of Week 2 farming mats for consumables for M+ and Raids but whatever you choose to do is up to you.
The community was apparently frustrated with Blizzard for a lack of communication concerning the issue, but it looks like that was due to the fact that their heads were down as they worked to understand the problem. It was explained that they didn't want to just roll out a quick bandage, as that would likely cause unforeseen issues down the road. Instead, they're crunching the numbers and digging into the code in the hopes of discovering a legitimate source of the problem.
Edit 20 It’s been a week since this post and a lot of people are still reaching out to me with questions which is fine. I have had a few different people reach out to me to help make YouTube videos based off this guide and more info in BFA which I’m more than willing to do. Whoever gets the videos up first I will link them here for you guys to enjoy.